Hepatitis and AIDS

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  1. 95% of patients with HIV are infected with hepatitis B, 5-40% are infected with hepatitis C; hepatitis A is not seen with an increased frequency in patients with HIV infection
  2. risks of transfusion complications
    1. hepatitis B – 1:66,000
    2. hepatitis C – 1:103,000
    3. HIV-1 – 1:676,000
    4. compare: allergic reaction to transfusion – 4:100, acute hemolytic reaction 1:12,000; anaphylaxis 1:150,000
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