Pineal region tumors

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Relevant Anatomy

The pineal region is bounded dorsally by the splenium of the corpus callosum and the tela choridea. The ventral boundary is the quadrigeminal plate and midbrain tectum. The rostral boundary is the posterior aspect of the third ventricle. The caudal boundary is the cerebellar vermis.

Differential Diagnosis

Pineal Gland

  1. Pineocytoma
  2. Pineoblastoma

Glial Cells

  1. Astrocytomas including Juvenile pilocytic astrocytoma
  2. Oligodendrogliomas
  3. Pineal Cysts

Ependymal Cells

  1. Ependymomas

Sympathetic Nervous System

  1. Chemodectoma

Germ cell rests

  1. Germinoma
  2. Choriocarcinoma
  3. Embryonal Carcinoma
  4. Endodermal Sinus Tumor (Yolk Sac Tumor)
  5. Teratoma

Ectodermal Rests

  1. Dermoids
  2. Epidermoids

Relevant Tumor Markers in the CSF


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