Spinal fractures, biomechanics

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  1. Hangman’s fracture – distracting force to an extended neck
  2. Burst fracture – compressing force to neutral neck
  3. Unilateral facet dislocation – flexing force to axially rotated neck
  4. Teardrop fracture – compressing force to a flexed neck
  5. Bilateral facet dislocation – flexing force to flexed neck
  6. Horizontal facet fracture – compressing force to a laterally bent neck
  7. Jefferson fracture – compressing force to a neutral neck
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